Evolution Of The Controversy
by Jay Reynolds
The following is a draft version of a work in progress which will
attempt to describe the results of my investigation into the origin
and development of the contrail/chemtrail controversy. Over the
past three years I have followed these events and will relate
in as much detail as possible what I have discovered.
Inevitably, some information being unavailable to me, parts of
the puzzle will be left out. Many will be surprised, especially
those who only know the past year's events, at how far, how wide,
and how long this has gone from it's origins.
Evolution Of The Controversy
The earliest I can find reference to
the idea that contrails are other than normal is from Bill
Brumbaugh, an evangelist now based in Bozeman, Montana, who
hosts "The Proactive Newshour", formerly on several
now-defunct shortwave networks and currently on Libertyworks
radio.com internet and on satellite audio feed.
According to information supplied by
Brumbaugh to me, and confirmed by an associate of his, "Rick
Flores", Brumbaugh developed concern that Ethylene Dibromide
was present in jet fuel and was being burned, not sprayed, causing
harmful pollution which was hazardous to health. He appears to
have originated the idea sometime in 1995, based on his own comments
and those of "Flores" that
were sent to me via email:
Excerpt from message of 10/6/99 from
"Rick Flores" to
Bill Brumbaugh(cc'd to Jay Reynolds)-
"You remember several years ago when I actually took the
time out to obtain
the fuel samples because I too was curious as to the validity
of the "JP8,"
"Contrail" stories that you initiated in Southern California.
Being a commercial pilot I was able to verify first hand some
of the information you were using for your stories on Contrails.
Excerpt from a message
of 3/31/99 from Bill Brumbaugh to Jay Reynolds-
"I am aware that we have been receiving record amounts
of photons in the last few months, but that does not reach back
to 1995 when according to pilots I have spoken with, changes were
made in the jet fuel composition. At the same time in 1995, I
was advised that refueling teams in hangars were then under law,
required to wear full body protective gear while refueling."
The pilot Brumbaugh refers to is "Flores",
and Brumbaugh has refused to cite any documentary evidence that
any such "law" has required such precautions. Current
military concerns over JP-8 jet fuel are mainly based on their
benzene content. Benzene, a carcinogen, is a natural component,
in small amounts, of crude oil and almost all petroleum based
fuels including gasoline.
The change from JP-4 to JP-8 jet fuel
by the military was to use a less flammable, and thus less hazardous
fuel. Ethylene Dibromide has never been a constituent of jet fuels
at all, it was used in all gasoline products when tetraethyl lead
was included in the formulation of "leaded gasoline"
to prevent preignition or "cylinder knocking" EDB was
used for the purpose of passing the lead through combustion to
prevent lead deposition on engine combustion section parts such
as valves and sparkplugs.
Since "knocking" was never
a problem of jet engines, EDB was never needed. Some news reports
have erroneously attributed soil contamination by EDB , such as
at the Massachusetts Military Reservation, to jet fuel spillage
when in fact the source of the EDB was spillage of aviation gasoline,
probably from before the advent of the military's transition to
My exchanges with Brumbaugh and "Flores"
were instructive because these two cannot seem to keep their stories
straight, from which some valuable conclusions can be drawn.
In a message dated 3/31/99, Bill Brumbaugh
wrote to me-
"In 1996, I did obtain an independent
analysis of JP8 and JP4 jet fuel. The
fuel was obtained through a pilot I knew in the Orange County
California. Unfortunately, again not possessing the finances to
analyzed myself, I trusted perhaps the wrong man who sent it to
controversial figure by the name of Larry Wayne Harris. Mr. Harris,
putting out some interesting stuff, is not credible in regard
to his statements about the longevity of his employment by the
CIA, and his claim of being a licensed microbiologist from 1984-1993
is false, and not even close. However, I was informed by him that
part of the chemical composition of the JP8 was EDB
(Ethylene DiBromide) and Zinc Chloride."
"Flores", however, on 10/6/99
"As for showing the samples publicly, why don't you go
to William Thomas'
web site and obtain the
proof you seek.
Also, if you can locate Larry Harris, ask him to send you a copy
analysis, I don't know where he is. Just think of it Jay, there
many opportunities to get the truth you seek. You ask: "why
just can't you
send them to me Rick?" Well, first off, all my research is
because I just relocated from another state and I have not
settled anywhere yet. Yes, I am a commercial pilot and do KNOW
for a fact
about the chemicals in Jet A fuel. ALL pilots have made mention
contrails left by their jets and noticed it very much when the
took effect 1994/95."
So, it seems that Brumbaugh got the
samples from "Flores", but why does Brumbaugh speak
of JP-8 and JP-4(military fuel), when "Flores" got samples
of Jet A fuel , a commercial fuel with different specifications
and refining? Of course, neither Harris nor Thomas have ever shown
alleged sample results to anyone in the intervening 3 years hence,
nor will they ever, and it seems they are not available from "Flores",
who has them "in storage".
Regarding availability of the samples,
additional questions to Brumbaugh
"Please read below and realize I did not give the sample
to Larry Harris, and
would not have. The man who did give it to him turned out to be
a flake, and
was a man who eventually caused me to contact the police as he
life for several reasons, one of which was because I refuted and
Wayne Harris as I guest hosted Jeff Bakers "Baker Boys"
The man who gave Larry Harris the
sample is named Ron Williams. The independent analysis (as well
as the obtaining of the samples) was done
confidentially through a "patriot pilot" at John Wayne
airport (O.C. County,
CA.) who later moved to Washington state. I have no number for
him, but I now
aware he also knew Ron Williams. Perhaps these sample ALSO went
to Harris but that is mere speculation. I did not do the test,
and what was faxed to
me was lost nearly two years ago when my computer was possibly
hacked and American Tech computers said all myhard drive information
unretrievable. If another hard copy exists of what I got (which
labelled as being from the University of Arizona at Tucson) I
where it is. I got pretty disgusted by Harris and his questionable
and I threw out a manila folder containing his work which was
faxed to me."
So, to sum up what can be gathered
here, if any of it can be believed at all :
-Flores says he got a sample of commerciall Jet A fuel.
-Brumbaugh says he got a sample of militarry JP-8 and JP-4 fuel.
-"Flores" says he gave the samplle to Larry Wayne Harris.
-Brumbaugh says he gave the sample to &quoot;Ron Williams".
-"Flores" says his sample resultts are "in storage".
-Brumbaugh says his sample results were &qquot;lost"or he
"threw" them out.
Everybody is pointing the finger
at Larry Wayne Harris(more on that later).
On 5/7/99, Brumbaugh, responding to
my request for more information, sent:
Q: Jay Reynolds- "Do the powerful documents you say you have
consist of an analysis of jet fuel, soil, air or water?"
A: Brumbaugh- "The past documents
specifically targeted the jet fuel, but a fellow broadcaster and
past reliable source claims he has a water and soil analysis.
I await his return from vacation eagerly, and will ask him to
share it with me."
In the seven months that have passed since Brumbaugh made this
he has not ever mentioned such addditional information.
What you have seen above is one of
two things, either it's the
"Keystone Cops" running around in a manic panic, or
"Three Stooges" being manipulated for fun and profit.
Evolution Of The Controversy
The Trail Thickens
In early 1995, a man named Larry
Wayne Harris, of Lancaster, Ohio decided that in order to
write a book on biological warfare he needed to actually have
some experience. Larry got some letterhead paper from Superior
Laboratories, of Columbus, Ohio, where he worked as a septic tank
and water well inspector, and ordered some bubonic plague bacteria
from the ATCC(American Type Culture Collection), which supplies
certified lines of all sorts of bacteria for scientists. The only
problem was that Larry must have become a little worried about
what he had done and his persistent calls to the ATCC folks about
where his Bubonic
Plague was raised a red flag and the authorities began to
do some checking. When they finally caught up with Larry, he had
his little vials of plague in the glove compartment of his car,
which he evidently found safer than his home.
After his arrest, or some time during
1996, if you can believe the conflicting stories of Brumbaugh
and "Flores", he entered the contrail controversy and
began it's promotion by touting to others various "fuel sample
results", none of which have ever been publicly displayed.
Larry had become quite a celebrity in that time by promoting his
book, "Bacteriological Warfare: A Major Threat to North America”,
which does describe some do-it-yourself methods of treating bacterial
diseases. Larry's book also contains some quite detailed instructions
on how to conduct such a bacteriological attack yourself, in the
context of his description of how a team of foreign agents would
You must understand that sometime during
his life, Larry had convinced himself
that he was no ordinary septic and well inspector, he was in reality
a highly trained expert who worked for the CIA training Iraqi
agents the techniques of bacterial warfare. Larry said he was
privy to the secret plan of a group of Iraqi women who had already
smuggled in enough bacteria in their "body cavities"
to begin a holy war jihad, and Larry's only recourse was to write
this book and get it into your hands as fast as possible, for
twenty dollars or so.
This part of the story was repeated many times on shortwave radio
programs, in which Larry would recount identical versions of the
procedure that could be used to spread anthrax spores over a city.
He claimed to have dug into an old burial pit for cattle that
had died from anthrax, and recovered the spores necessary to conduct
such an attack. Larry also was used by Larry Baker, a shortwave
show host on radio station WGTG, as an "expert on biological
warfare" by saying he recommended the very expensive "colloidal
silver water" that could "protect you from anthrax,
plague, and smallpox".
During 1997, Larry allied himself with
a neighbor, Richard
Finke, also of Lancaster, OH, who calls himself "Righteous
Dude" and claims to have a bookkeeping service.
In April of 1997, Larry Wayne Harris was sentenced to probation
for wire fraud for his fraudulent ordering of the Bubonic Plague
bacteria yersinia pestis.
Finke and Larry eventually formed a "defensive biowar and
disaster recovery consulting firm" called LWH
consulting, which they publicized by spamming email messages
during the summer of 1997 that a biological
attack was imminent. No such attack ever took place, which
must have been quite frustrating for these two fellows desperately
To remedy this, Richard Finke, the
"righteous dude", sent out to an email list service
that discusses bioterrorism issues the following:
Date: Wed, 17 Sep 1997 19:18:37 -0300
From: Richard Finke
Subject: [BIOWAR] LINES IN THE SKIES IDENTIFIED
Reply-To: Richard Finke
GENOCIDE ON A WHOLESALE LOT
LINES IN THE SKY ARE IDENTIFIED!!
SAMPLES Are ANALYZED!!!
The lab director of Aqua-tech Environmental (aka. Aqua-Tel), Marion,
OH,ph., (707) 887-2228, using samples taken from JP-8 contaminated
fields of Maryland and Pennsylvania, reported today (9/18/97)
that ethylene dibromide, otherwise known as EDB, has been the
contaminate in the fuel and water samples taken of submitted by
farmers, pilots and tanker drivers. EDB is one of the most tightly
controlled EPA substances and was banned in 1983 due to its carcinogenieity.
EDB is a pesticide that apparently is being placed in the jet
fuel and dispersed on a daily, almost non-stop basis in our skies.
The lines filling our skies are not contrails. The lines are dispersed
and may linger for hours, slowly filtering down to unsuspecting
pests, and I guess we’re the PESTS.
I received a forwarded copy of this message which has appeared
in altered versions since then, but this is the way I received
it and the way Richard Finke sent it. Several problems become
apparent upon examination and further research .
-This is not an analysis of any sort.
-The message is dated September 17, but thhe message says the information
was issued on September 18.
-The message states the sample came from aa field, not a fuel.
-The phone number is not for a laboratory in Ohio, but for the
Thomas of Forestville, who moderates the BIOWAR-L
listservice where the message was posted.
Wes Thomas, when asked his involvement
with Finke told me:
"I vaguely remember asking him and I think he said it was
a typo. I'll have to search in my archive at home on that one."
Wes Thomas never responded further.
Aqua-Tech refuses to discuss the alleged
samples, and does not disclose proprietary sample results done
Despite obvious problems with the information
contained in Finke's message, in the minds of thousands, it is
real, it is fact, and it is repeated as real and factual information.
In reality, it is more keystone cops
and three stooges, but people just lapped it up.
Within days, Finke's message had spread
across the internet, passed along from one to the next with no
regard to is factuality. My copy arrived within two days (forwarded
directly from a person subscribed to the BIOWAR-L email list.
By that afternoon, I had collected information on EDB and by the
next day I had communicated with one scientist at NASA to gather
information on normal contrails , then later two others who were
researching contrail effects on the atmosphere. This led me to
be able to know how normal contrails form and behave. I still
did not know who sent the original EDB mailing, or if it was genuine.
Email regarding the "analysis" went unanswered at Aqua-Tech
Others who received Finke's email spread
it far and wide like a virus without regard to whether it was
true, false, or made any sense at all. It still appears on many
websites, having "morphed" into various forms such as
even included a later claim that zinc
chloride, a soldering flux, had also been found in the "analysis".
One and one-half years would elapse
until I decided to research further, spurred by William Thomas'
first article in January of 1999. I wrote:
I am a journalist interested in writing an article about this
Could you tell me any more about the sample?
To which he replied:
"AJ, in response to your journalistic inquiry concerning
contrails' I am taking the liberty of forwarding to you some e-mailing
on the subject. The analysis of the sprayed cocktail of JP-8 and
was reportedly done by one particular lab here in Ohio. The info
sources are reputedable but there was a strong denial by the lab
itself. Interestingly the lab does a lot of business with governmental
agencies. Their contract losses would be significant to a lot
whose livelihoods depend on them. There was also the threat of
litigation. Thus I vouch for the veracity of the report's scientific
info but must remain silent concerning the lab itself. Please
understand and cooperate. In this regard it is helpful to me that
reported phone number and name of the lab are not accurate. Also,
were about seven men who died nastily getting this information
Accordingly we must comport ourselves respectfully, respectfully
those men and ourselves.
I hope this answers to your inquiry, Thank you, /s/Ric"
Finke's reply to a journalist was designed
to scare me off,
but in reality told me I must dig further. Unfortunately, to date,
Ric "The Finke"
has never replied to repeated requests for more information.
Meanwhile, back to the fall of 1997.
After it's brief flareup, the contrail story went to ground, circulated
mainly by Clarence Napier, Dot Bibbee, and Joe 6pk Burton, all
known disseminators of undocumented rumor and false information.
One very interesting fictional
story showed up in October '97 which contains a surprisingly
complete script of what people are now claiming:
-Mysterious "flu shots"
-An "undisclosed lab"
-By the "Blackops
Reporter" Chip Tatum
One has to wonder where they got all that back three years ago?
Evolution Of The Controversy
Red Sky at Night?
As 1998 receded.....
(to be continued)
Back to Contrails, or 'Trails-Con?
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